Science

TEACHERS:

Mr. G. Shanks - Biology/Department Head - shanksg@hdsb.ca
Mrs. A. D'Alessandro - French Immersion - dalessandroa@hdsb.ca
Mr. J. Ebbers - Physics - ebbersj@hdsb.ca
Mrs.  S. Klimowski - Physics - klimowskis@hdsb.ca
Mr. T. Warcholak - Chemistry - warcholakt@hdsb.ca
Mrs. D. Williams - French Immersion - williamsd@hdsb.ca

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COURSE DESCRIPTIONS:

Grade 9, Science (Academic) SNC 1D1

This course enables students to develop their understanding of basic concepts in biology, chemistry,
earth and space science, and physics, and to relate science to technology, society, and the
environment. Throughout the course, students will develop their skills in the processes of scientific
investigation. Students will acquire an understanding of scientific theories and conduct investigations
related to sustainable ecosystems; atomic and molecular structures and the properties of elements and
compounds; the study of the universe and its properties and components; and the principles of
electricity.

Grade 9, Sciences (Académique) SNC 1D4


Ce cours permettra aux élèves de bien comprendre et expliquer les phénomènes naturels liés aux quatre
disciplines traditionnelles des sciences: la chimie, la physique, la biologie, les sciences de la Terre et de
l’espace. Les élèves développeront leurs habiletés scientifiques en participant à des expériences reliées
aux propriétés des éléments et composés; aux principes de l’électricité; à la durabilité des écosystèmes ;
et à l’étude de l’univers et de ses composants.

Grade 9, Science (Applied) SNC 1P1

This course enables students to develop their understanding of basic concepts in biology, chemistry,
earth and space science, and physics, and to apply their knowledge of science to everyday
situations. They are also given opportunities to develop practical skills related to scientific
investigation. Students will plan and conduct investigations into practical problems and issues related
to the impact of human activity on ecosystems; the structure and properties of elements and compounds;
space exploration and the components of the universe; and static and current electricity.

Grade 10, Science (Academic) SNC2D1

This course enables students to enhance their understanding of concepts in biology, chemistry, earth and
space science, and physics, and of the interrelationships between science, technology, society, and the
environment. Students are also given opportunities to further develop their scientific investigation skills.
Students will plan and conduct investigations and develop their understanding of scientific theories
related to the connections between cells and systems in animals and plants; chemical reactions, with a
particular focus on acid–base reactions; forces that affect climate and climate change; and the
interaction of light and matter. Prerequisite: SNC1D1

Grade 10, Sciences (académique) SNC2D4

Les élèves planifieront et entreprendront des expériences afin de développer leur compréhension des
théories scientifiques de la relation entre les cellules et les différents systèmes chez les animaux et les
plantes; les relations chimiques, soulignant particulièrement les réactions acide-base, les forces qui
affectent le climat et le changement de climat ainsi que l’interaction entre la lumiere et la matière.
Cours préalable: SNC 1D4

Grade 10, Science (Applied) SNC2P1

This course enables students to develop a deeper understanding of concepts in biology, chemistry, earth
and space science, and physics, and to apply their knowledge of science in real-world situations.
Students are given opportunities to develop further practical skills in scientific investigation. Students
will plan and conduct investigations into everyday problems and issues related to human cells and body
systems; chemical reactions; factors affecting climate change; and the interaction of light and matter.
Prerequisite: SNC1P1 or SNC1D1 or SNC1D4

There are no chemistry and physics courses at the college level in Grade 11. These courses are
offered at the Grade 12 level.

Grade 11, Biology (University Preparation) SBI3U1

This course furthers students’ understanding of the processes involved in biological systems. Students
will study the diversity of living things, evolution, cellular functions, genetic continuity, internal
systems and regulation, and the anatomy, growth, and functions of plants. The course focuses on the
theoretical aspects of the topics under study, and helps students refine skills related to scientific
investigation. This course prepares students to take Grade 12 University Preparation Biology and is also
a requirement of many college level medical programs.
Prerequisite: SNC2D1 or SNC2D4

Grade 11, Biology (College Preparation) SBI3C1

This course focuses on the processes involved in biological systems. Students will learn concepts and
theories as they conduct investigations in the areas of cellular biology, microbiology, animal anatomy
and physiology, plant structure and physiology, and environmental science. Emphasis will be placed on
the practical application of concepts, and on the skills needed for further study in various branches of
the life sciences and related fields. Prerequisite: SNC2P1 or SNC2D1or SNC2D4

Grade 11, Chemistry (University Preparation) SCH3U1

This course enables students to deepen their understanding of chemistry through the study of the
properties of chemicals and chemical bonds; chemical reactions and quantitative relationships in those
reactions; solutions and solubility; and atmospheric chemistry and the behaviour of gases. Students will
further develop their analytical skills and investigate the qualitative and quantitative properties of
matter, as well as the impact of some common chemical reactions on society and the environment.
Emphasis will also be placed on the importance of chemistry in all other branches of science.
Prerequisite: SNC2D1 or SNC2D4

Grade 11, Physics (University Preparation) SPH3U1

This course develops students’ understanding of the basic concepts of physics. Students will explore
kinematics, with an emphasis on linear motion; different kinds of forces; energy transformations; the
properties of mechanical waves and sound; and electricity and magnetism. They will enhance their
scientific investigation skills as they test laws of physics. In addition, they will analyze the
interrelationships between physics and technology, and consider the impact of technological
applications of physics on society and the environment. Prerequisite: SNC2D1 or SNC2D4

Grade 11, Environmental Science (Workplace preparation) SVN3E1

This course provides students with the fundamental knowledge of and skills relating to environmental
science that will help them succeed in work and life after secondary school. Students will explore a
range of topics, including the impact of human activities on the environment; human health and the
environment; energy conservation; resource science and management; and safety and environmental
responsibility in the workplace. Emphasis is placed on relevant, practical applications and current topics
in environmental science, with attention to the refinement of students’ literacy and mathematical
literacy skills as well as the development of their scientific and environmental literacy.
Prerequisite: SNC2D1 or SNC2P1 or SNC2D4

Grade 11, Environmental Science (University/College Preparation) SVN3M1

This course provides students with the fundamental knowledge of and skills relating to environmental
science that will help them succeed in life after secondary school. Students will explore a range of
topics, including the role of science in addressing contemporary environmental challenges; the impact
of the environment on human health; sustainable agriculture and forestry; the reduction and
management of waste; and the conservation of energy. Students will increase their scientific and
environmental literacy and examine the interrelationships between science, the environment, and
society in a variety of areas. Prerequisite: SNC2D1 or SNC2P1 or SNC2D4

Grade 12, Biology (University Preparation) SBI4U1

This course provides students with the opportunity for in-depth study of the concepts and processes
associated with biological systems. Students will study theory and conduct investigations in the areas of
metabolic processes, biochemistry, molecular genetics, homeostasis, and population dynamics.
Emphasis will be placed on achievement of the detailed knowledge and refined skills needed for further
study in various branches of the life sciences and related fields. Prerequisite: SBI3U1

Grade 12, Chemistry (University Preparation ) SCH4U1

This course enables students to deepen their understanding of chemistry through the study of organic
chemistry, energy changes and rates of reaction, chemical systems and equilibrium, electrochemistry,
and atomic and molecular structure. Students will further develop problem solving and laboratory skills
as they investigate chemical processes, at the same time refining their ability to communicate scientific
information. Emphasis will be placed on the importance of chemistry in daily life, and on evaluating the
impact of chemical technology on the environment.
Prerequisite: SCH3U1

Grade 12, Chemistry (College Preparation) SCH4C1

This course introduces students to the concepts that form the basis of modern chemistry. Students will
study qualitative analysis, quantitative relationships in chemical reactions, organic chemistry and
electrochemistry, and chemistry as it relates to the quality of the environment. Students will employ a
variety of laboratory techniques, develop skills in data collection and scientific analysis, and
communicate scientific information using appropriate terminology. Emphasis will be placed on the role
of chemistry in daily life and in the development of new technologies and products.
Prerequisite: SNC2D1 or SNC2D4 or SNC2P1

College Chemistry is offered in Grade 12 in alternating years.

Grade 12, Earth and Space Science (University Preparation) SES4U1

This course develops students’ understanding of Earth and its place in the universe. Students will
investigate the properties of and forces in the universe and solar system and analyse techniques
scientists use to generate knowledge about them. Students will closely examine the materials of
Earth, its internal and surficial processes, and its geological history, and will learn how Earth’s
systems interact and how they have changed over time. Throughout the course, students will learn
how these forces, processes, and materials affect their daily lives. The course draws on biology,
chemistry, physics, and mathematics in its consideration of geological and astronomical processes
that can be observed directly or inferred from other evidence. Prerequisite: SNC2D1 or SNC2D4

Grade 12 Physics (University Preparation) SPH4U1

This course enables students to deepen their understanding of physics concepts and theories. Students
will continue their exploration of energy transformations and the forces that affect motion, and will
investigate electrical, gravitational, and magnetic fields and electromagnetic radiation. Students will
also explore the wave nature of light, quantum mechanics and special relativity. They will further
develop their scientific investigation skills, learning, for examples how to analyze, qualitatively and
quantitatively, data related to a variety of physics concepts and principals. Students will also consider
the impact of technological applications of physics on society and the environment.
Prerequisite: SPH3U1

Grade 12 Physics (College Preparation) SPH4C1

This course develops students’ understanding of the basic concepts of physics. Students will explore
these concepts as they relate to mechanical, electrical, fluid (hydraulic and pneumatic), and
communications systems, as well as to the operation of commonly used tools and equipment. They will
develop scientific-inquiry skills as they verify accepted laws of physics and solve both assigned
problems and those emerging from their investigations. Students will also consider the impact of
technological applications of physics on society and the environment.
Prerequisite: SNC2D1 or SNC2D4 or SNC2P1

College Physics is offered in Grade 12 in alternating years.
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